How Does Applied Behavior Analysis Work?
Behaviors are everything people do, including how they move, what they say, and what they do. In the practice of ABA, the focus is on behaviors that are observable and objectively defined, such as walking, talking, sitting, hugging, and eating. ABA therapy enriches environments so that the desired behaviors are probable and uses strategies to teach and promote lasting behavior change.
Blue Bird Day utilizes Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT), Verbal Behavior (VB), and Natural Environment Teaching (NET) strategies. DTT is a structured way of teaching a skill and breaking the skill down into smaller components. VB is based on the principles of ABA to teach children communication. NET is a natural way of teaching new skills, such as learning through play.
Therapists use techniques such as positive reinforcement, prompting and fading strategies, breaking down skills into smaller components, token systems, chaining, and programming for generalization within the individual learners’ natural environment to ensure learned skills are retained and demonstrated across people, materials, and places. These strategies have been effective in teaching a wide variety of skills in learners with and without disabilities.